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The medical science field offers a wide range of occupational options to anyone desiring to obtain a medical degree and become involved in research. Future scientists typically obtain a dual degree that may combine a D.D.S., D.M.D. D.O. or an M.D. degree with a Ph.D. The employment potential for medical scientists is expected to rise 13 percent in the upcoming years. Research candidates need to merely choose their field of interest.

Clinical Research

Scientists in the field conduct trials on medications and treatments with the help of human participants. The drugs and therapies have typically been tested on laboratory animals prior to being approved for human research. The studies extend for varying lengths of time as researchers carefully monitor and document the effects noted in test subjects.

Public Health

Medical scientists researching public health topics may investigate behaviors, epidemiology or preventative medicine protocols that affect people on a large scale. Some of the many areas requiring public research might include evaluating environmental hazards or finding an underlying cause and developing a solution to reduce criminal or harmful behavioral trends. The field may confine researchers to a local city. On the other hand, they might be called to a third world country in order to improve community health.


The field of genetic research may involve solving the mystery of genomes that cause developmental anomalies or a predisposition to disease processes. Studies often include identifying genes and their variations. The scientists might also further explore ways to use genomes to improve health conditions or develop treatment modalities.

Neurological Science

The field involves studying any number of functions and possible abnormalities associated with the brain and central nervous system. Researchers might become involved in determining the cause for certain behaviors or responses. They may delve into learning more about specific disease processes. Some also are responsible for developing technology that enables debilitated patients to regain function or control.


The group of scientists is generally responsible for studying medications and their positive and negative effects on the human body. The formulas investigated are developed for the prevention or treatment of various diseases and illnesses. Evaluations often entail testing preparations on laboratory animals during clinical trials. If a medication passes specified criteria, human trials may begin. In addition to pharmacists, individuals holding degrees in cellular biology or biochemists might also be members of a pharmaceutical research team.